Educational Resources:
Return to Educational Resources

Painful Menstruation

Painful menstruation or Dysmenorrhea is when menstrual periods are accompanied by either sharp, intermittent pain or dull, aching pain, usually located in the lower abdomen or pelvis. 50% of women experience painful menstruation to some degree and up 10% have severe, disabling pain that affects their lifes.

Painful menstruation is caused by the production of prostaglandins during menstruation or just prior to menstruation. Prostaglandins cause uterine contractions, thereby causing pelvic and abdominal pain.

Primary Dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring just before or during menstruation, in the absence of other diseases such as endometriosis. The problem is often under diagnosed and under treated. Women with primary dysmenorrhea have increased production of endometrial prostaglandin, resulting in increased uterine tone and stronger, more frequent uterine contractions.

Secondary Dysmenorrhea

Secondary dysmenorrhea is due to some physical cause and usually of later onset; painful menstrual periods caused by an another medical condition present in the body (i.e., pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis).


  • Mild exercise like walking or biking. Exercise may improve blood flow and reduce pelvic pain.

  • Use a heating pad or hot water bottle over your lower abdomen for intervals of not greater than 20 minutes. Be careful not to fall asleep on the heating pad.

  • Take warm bath.

  • Gently massage your abdomen.

  • Get plenty of rest and reduce your exposure to stressful situations.

  • Follow a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, but low in salt, sugar, alcohol, and caffeine.

  • Drink a hot cup of regular tea, chamomile or mint tea.

Alternative Treatment for Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea)

Herbal Relief (ProSoothe)

ProSoothe helps to relieve the symptoms associated with painful menstruation. It contains wild yam which contains anti-spasmodic properties that have shown to be reduce menstrual cramps. To reduce bloating and stomach upset that is often associated with menstrual cramps Ginger root extract has also been added.

Bioidentical Progesterone Cream (Progensa 20)

Bioidentical progesterone cream helps with menstrual cramps by balancing excess estrogen levels. Too much estrogen causes menstrual cramps, backaches, headaches, mood swings and irritability by supplementing with progesterone cream estrogen levels come down thereby reducing symptoms.

Recommended Herbs

Painful Menstruation-Condition Treatments
Related Products:
Bioidentical progesteron for Endometriosis
Purchase 4 bottles and receive one for FREE with your...

An adequate amount of natural progesterone is crucial to women that are trying to become pregnant. N...

Emerita Response Cream

More Information